Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box brought on by an infection, irritant, or overuse.
The most prevalent cause of laryngitis is a viral infection. Laryngitis can be persistent or just last a brief period. Hoarseness and voice loss are the main signs and symptoms. In most cases, acute laryngitis goes away on its own. Treatment for chronic laryngitis focuses on the underlying issue, such as smoking or heartburn.
Normally, the movements and vibrations of your vocal cords caused them to open and close smoothly, producing sounds. On the other hand, your voice chords expand or itch when you have laryngitis. Due to the vocal cords enlarging, as a result, the sounds created by air passing over them are distorted. Your voice may consequently become nearly inaudible.
Laryngitis can be acute (short-lived) or chronic (long-lasting). The majority of non-serious causes of laryngitis are brought on by transient viral infections. Sometimes, persistent hoarseness is a sign of a more serious underlying medical condition.
Symptoms of Laryngitis
- Sore throat
- Dry throat
- Dry cough
- Weak voice or voice loss
- Tickling sensation and rawness in your throat
- Have trouble breathing
- Cough up blood
- Lasting fever
- Have trouble swallowing
Causes of acute laryngitis
- A virus infection like the ones that cause the common cold.
- Vocal strain that happens due to shouting or using your voice excessively.
- Less often occurring bacterial infections
Causes of chronic laryngitis
- Irritants that can be inhaled, such as smoke, allergies, or chemical fumes
- Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease is another name for acid reflux (GERD)
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Infection from fungi or bacteria
- Drink plenty of water
- Avoid smoking
- Limit alcohol and caffeine
- Limit or if possible, avoid spicy foods in your diet.
- Include varieties of healthy foods in your diet.